Material characterization of a polyester resin system for the pultrusion process

Ismet Baran, Remko Akkerman, Jesper Henri Hattel

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In the present work, the chemo-rheology of an industrial ‘‘orthophthalic’’ polyester system specifically prepared for a pultrusion process is characterized. The curing behaviour is first characterized using the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Isothermal and dynamic scans are performed to develop a cure kinetics model which accurately predicts the cure rate evolutions and describes the curing behaviour of the resin over a wide range of different processing conditions. The viscosity of the resin is subsequently obtained from rheological experiments using a rheometer. Based on this, a resin viscosity model as a function of temperature and degree of cure is developed and predicts the measured viscosity correctly. The evolution of the storage and loss moduli are also measured as a function of time using the rheometer which provides an information about the curing as well as the gelation. The temperature- and curedependent elastic modulus of the resin system is determined using a dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA) in tension mode. A cure hardening and thermal softening model is developed and a least squares non-linear regression analysis is performed. The variation in elastic modulus with temperature and phase transition is captured for a fully cured resin sample.
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume64
Pages (from-to)194–201
ISSN1359-8368
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Thermosetting resin
  • Cure behaviour
  • Rheological properties
  • Mechanical properties

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