Markers of collagen formation and degradation reflect renal function and predict adverse outcomes in patients with type 1 diabetes

Sascha Pilemann-Lyberg*, Daniel Guldager Kring Rasmussen, Tine Willum Hansen, Nete Tofte, Signe Abitz Winther, Signe Holm Nielsen, Simone Theilade, Morten Asser Karsdal, Federica Genovese, Peter Rossing

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular events (CVEs), and mortality than the general population. We hypothesized that two previously published biomarkers, namely PRO-C6, a biomarker of collagen type VI formation, and C3M, a biomarker of collagen type III degradation, may be associated with impaired renal function and have prognostic value for adverse renal, CVE, and mortality in patients with T1D. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS PRO-C6 and C3M in serum (sPRO-C6, sC3M) and urine (uPRO-C6, uC3M) were measured by ELISA in 663 patients with T1D ranging from normoalbuminuric to macroalbuminuric. Association of the biomarkers with mortality, CVEs, heart failure, decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥30%, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were tested in Cox proportional hazards models after log2 transformation and adjusted for relevant clinical characteristics. Hazard ratios (HRs) were reported per doubling of biomarker levels. RESULTS High levels of sPRO-C6 were independently associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR 2.26 [95% CI 1.31-3.87], P < 0.0031). There was an association with higher risk of CVEs (n = 94) and heart failure (n = 28) but not after adjustment (P ≥ 0.58). In relation to renal outcomes, adjusted sPRO-C6 was associated with a higher risk of eGFR decline ≥30%in T1D,with eGFR >45 and >30 mL/min/1.73m2, and with a higher risk of ESRD (all P ≤ 0.03). Higher uPRO-C6 was associated with a lower risk of decline in eGFR. CONCLUSIONS In patients with T1D, higher sPRO-C6 was an independent predictor of both decline in eGFR and development of ESRD and of all-cause mortality. Higher uPRO-C6 was also associated with a lower risk of decline in eGFR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume42
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1760-1768
ISSN0149-5992
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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