Many-Criteria Optimality of Coordinated Demand Response with Heterogeneous Households

Bin Zhou, Yingping Cao, Qiuwei Wu, Nian Liu, Sheng Huang, Huaizhi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper proposes a bilevel multi-house energy management (MHEM) framework to coordinate the residential demand response (DR) of heterogeneous households based on many-criteria optimality. In the upper level, the loss of life (LOL) cost of transformers is formulated into the DR cost model, and a stochastic scheduling is implemented to determine the optimum amount of transformer load deferment and curtailment. The lower level aims to optimally allocate the transformer load from the aggregator to individual households, and a many-criteria DR optimality model is proposed to maximize the multi-house benefits from DR while achieving coordination of the DR participation. Furthermore, a hypercube spatial transformation based classification and sorting scheme is developed to form an evolutionary manyobjective (EMO) algorithm in order to solve the many-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem of coordinated DR with numerous participants. The performance of the proposed method was benchmarked and validated on different scaled neighborhood systems over a 24-hour scheduling horizon, and comparative results demonstrated its superiority and optimality in solving many-house DR problems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118267
Number of pages29
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Coordination
  • Demand response
  • Multi-house energy management
  • Many-criteria optimality
  • Smart neighborhood
  • Transformer

Cite this

Zhou, B., Cao, Y., Wu, Q., Liu, N., Huang, S., & Wang, H. (2020). Many-Criteria Optimality of Coordinated Demand Response with Heterogeneous Households. Energy, 207, [118267].