Major histocompatibility complex-linked immune response of young chickens vaccinated with an attenuated live infectious bursal disease virus vaccine followed by an infection

Helle Juul-Madsen, O.L. Nielsen, T. Krogh-Maibom, C.M. Rontved, T.S. Dalgaard, N. Bumstead, Poul Henrik Jørgensen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The influence of the MHC on infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) vaccine response in chickens was investigated in three different chicken lines containing four different MHC haplotypes. Two MHC haplotypes were present in all three lines with one haplotype (1319) shared between the lines. Line I further contains the BW1 haplotype isolated from a Red jungle Fowl. Line 131 further contains the B131 haplotype isolated from a meat-type chicken, Finally, Line 21 further contains the international B21 haplotype. The chickens were vaccinated with live attenuated commercial IBDV vaccine at 3 wk of age, followed by a challenge with virulent IBDV at 6 wk of age. In this study, we found a notable MHC haplotype effect on the specific antibody response against IBDV, as measured by ELISA. The BW1 haplotype was found to have a significantly higher serum antibody titer against IBDV (7,872) than haplotypes B19 (mean 5,243), B21 (5,570), and B131 (5,333) at 8 d postinfection, How-ever, a virus-neutralizing antibody test did not reflect this result. Nevertheless, the MHC haplotype-associated protective immunity was further supported by the bursa of Fabricius (bursa) recovery from the disease, as measured by histological scorings of the bursa. Chickens carrying the BW1 haplotype had a significantly lower bursa lesion score (1.7) than the haplotypes B19 (mean 3.8), B21 (3.6), and B131 (4.3) 8 d postinfection. Furthermore, multiple line effects were found in other variables when comparing Day 6 with Day 8. Body weight, relative weights of the bursa and the spleen, percentage and relative number of MHC II molecules on MHC II-positive lymphocytes, percentage and relative number of CD4 molecules on CD4-positive lymphocytes, and the specific antibody response all differed significantly among lines. Line 1, with Red Jungle Fowl genes, was clearly differentiated from the other two investigated lines. These results suggest an MHC II restricted T-cell dependent secondary antibody response against IBDV.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPoultry Science
    Volume81
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)649-656
    ISSN0032-5791
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Keywords

    • disease resistance
    • chicken
    • infectious bursal disease virus
    • vaccination
    • major histocompatibility complex

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