Magnetic observations from CryoSat-2: calibration and processing of satellite platform magnetometer data

Nils Olsen, Giuseppe Albini, Jerome Bouffard, Tommaso Parrinello, Lars Tøffner-Clausen

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We describe and discuss the preprocessing and calibration steps applied to the magnetic data measured by the three “platform magnetometers” on-board the CryoSat-2 satellite. The calibration is performed by comparing the magnetometer sensor readings with magnetic field values for the time and position of the satellite as given by the CHAOS-6 geomagnetic field model. We allow for slow temporal variations of the calibration parameters by solving for scale values, offsets, and non-orthogonalities in monthly bins, and account for non-linearities as well as the magnetic disturbances caused by battery, solar panel and magnetorquer currents. Fully calibrated magnetic vector data, together with time and position, are provided as daily files in CDF data format at The data show good agreement with Swarm satellite magnetic measurements during close encounters (rms difference between 1 and 5 nT for inter-satellite distances below 300 km).
Original languageEnglish
Article number48
JournalEarth, Planets and Space
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Geomagnetism
  • Magnetic satellites
  • Magnetometer calibration
  • CryoSat-2

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