Magnetic field influence on the light yield from fiber-coupled BCF-60 plastic scintillators of relevance for output factor dosimetry in MR-linacs

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Abstract

Organic plastic scintillators are of interest for ionizing radiation dosimetry in megavoltage photon beams because plastic scintillators have a mass density very similar to that of water. This leads to insignificant perturbation of the electron fluence at the point of measurement in a water phantom. This feature is a benefit for dosimetry in strong magnetic fields (e.g., 1.5 T) as found in magnetic resonance linacs. The objective of this work was to quantify if the light yield per dose for the scintillating fiber BCF-60 material from Saint-Gobain Ceramics and Plastics Inc.\ is constant regardless of the magnetic flux density. This question is of importance for establishing traceable measurement in MR linacs using this detector type. Experiments were carried out using an accelerator combined with an electromagnet (max 0.7 T). Scintillator probes were read out using chromatic removal techniques based on two optical channels or full spectral information. Reference dosimetry was carried out with PTW31010 and PTW31021 ionization chambers. TOPAS/GEANT4 was used for modelling. The light yield per dose for the BCF-60 was found to be strongly influenced by the magnitude of the magnetic field from about 1 mT to 0.7 T. The light yield per dose increased (1.3 +/- 0.2)% (k=1) from 1 mT to 10 mT and it increased (4.5+/-0.9)% (k=1) from 0 T to 0.7 T. Previous studies of the influence of magnetic fields on medical scintillator dosimetry have been unable to clearly identify if observed changes in scintillator response with magnetic field strength were related to changes in dose, stem signal removal, or scintillator light yield. In the current study of BCF-60, we see a clear change in light yield with magnetic field, and none of the other effects..
Original languageEnglish
Article number015016
JournalBiomedical Physics and Engineering Express
Volume10
Number of pages14
ISSN2057-1976
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Results
  • Radiotherapy dosimetry
  • Light yield
  • Magnetic field
  • Scintillator

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