Magnetic and Mössbauer spectroscopy studies of nanocrystalline iron oxide aerogels

E.E. Carpenter, J.W. Long, D.R. Rolison, M.S. Logan, K. Pettigrew, R.M. Stroud, Luise Theil Kuhn, Britt Rosendahl Hansen, Steen Mørup

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Abstract

A sol-gel synthesis was used to produce iron oxide aerogels. These nanocrystalline aerogels have a pore-solid structure similar to silica aerogels but are composed entirely of iron oxides. Mössbauer experiments and x-ray diffraction showed that the as-prepared aerogel is an amorphous or poorly crystalline iron oxide, which crystallized as a partially oxidized magnetite during heating in argon. After further heat treatment in air, the nanocrystallites are fully converted to maghemite. The particles are superparamagnetic at high temperatures, but the magnetic properties are strongly influenced by magnetic interactions between the particles at lower temperatures. ©2006 American Institute of Physics
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume99
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)08N711
ISSN0021-8979
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Copyright (2006) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

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