Within the conventional single-site coherent potential approximation (CPA) used to calculate thermodynamic properties of random alloys, the effect of charge transfer is neglected. We discuss a number of recent models based on the same mathematical form but with a different prefactor β which allow one to include charge-transfer effects in the framework of the CPA. We show how the models work in actual calculations for selected metallic alloy systems, Al-Li, Li-Mg, and Ni-Pt, which exhibit charge transfer. We find that the so-called screened impurity model (β=1), which is derived completely within the mean-field single-site approximation, leads to the best agreement with experimental lattice parameter and mixing energy data for Al-Li and Li-Mg alloys. However, for the Ni-Pt system exhibiting strong ordering tendency this model seems to overestimate the Madelung energy of the completely random alloy, and in this case the screened-CPA method (β=1/2) gives more correct results. It is suggested that a comparison with the results obtained by the Connolly-Williams method may be used to determine an optimal value for β depending on the alloy under consideration.
Bibliographical noteCopyright (1995) by the American Physical Society.
- DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY
- RANDOM SUBSTITUTIONAL ALLOYS