Lubricant influence on the ejection and roughness of in-die electro sinter forged Ti-discs

Emanuele Cannella, Chris Valentin Nielsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Electro Sinter Forging (ESF) is a new sintering process based on Joule heating by high electrical current flowing through compacted metal powder under mechanical pressure. The whole process takes about three seconds and is based on a closed-die setup, where the sample is sintered inside a die. A near-net shape component is therefore manufactured. One of the challenges associated with this process is the ejection of the sample after sintering. Due to powder compaction and axial loading during sintering, a radial pressure is generated at the die/sample interface. Consequently, the ejection can be difficult, and the final quality of the sintered component in terms of roughness and surface defects may be affected. In the present work, four different lubricants and non-lubricated conditions were tested to investigate the effects on the final part quality. The sintered sample is a disc made of commercially pure titanium powder. The force was measured while ejecting the samples by using a speed-controlled press. The surface roughness parameter Sa was measured by using a laser confocal microscope.
Original languageEnglish
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Pages (from-to)171-178
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Electro sinter forging
  • Ttitanium
  • Lubrication
  • Ejection
  • Roughness

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