LQG control for hydrodynamic compensation on large floating wind turbines

Qusay Hawari*, Taeseong Kim*, Christopher Ward, James Fleming

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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This work proposes a novel Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG)-based blade pitch control method for floating offshore wind turbines, in which a state-space model of the turbine and water hydrodynamics is included in the LQG design. The actuation considered is collective blade pitch control with the objective of generator power stabilization and platform motion reduction. A linear Kalman filter is used to estimate un-measurable states relating to wave excitation and radiation through measurements of generator speed, platform pitch, and wind disturbance. Controller design models were validated with the full order nonlinear model under various testing conditions. The new controller design is tested on a nonlinear high-fidelity simulation model of the 15 Mega-Watt (MW) floating semi-submersible wind turbine. In simulations with realistic stochastic wind and wave disturbances, the new controller achieves 32% lower generator speed Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and 16% lower platform pitch RMSE compared to a standard LQG controller that does not include hydrodynamic states, for equivalent levels of pitch actuation and with a 2∘/sec rate limit on pitch. The inclusion of hydrodynamics in the controller design not only reduced platform pitching fluctuation, but also had a strong effect of hub-height factors such as the generator speed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRenewable Energy
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Collective pitch control
  • Floating wind turbine (FWT)
  • OpenFAST
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Kalman filter
  • Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG)


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