Low temperature vibrational spectroscopy. III. Structural aspects and detection of phase transitions in crystalline alkali metal and tetramethylammonium hexabromotellurates and platinates

Rolf W. Berg

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Abstract

The low-frequency infrared and Raman spectra of A2[TeBr6] with A=K, Rb, Cs, NH4, (CH3)4N, (CD3)4N and of A2[PtBr6] with A=K, (CH3)4N, and (CD3)4N were recorded as a function of temperature down to ~100 K. The spectra of the Rb and Cs compounds changed little. For the other salts new, and in some cases sharp, bands were observed at low temperatures. The spectra have been assigned, and in most cases a confirmation of previous results was obtained. The assignment ambiguity in the literature on the nu4 mode of [PtBr6]2− has been solved, placing it at ~ 130 cm−1. The majority of the new low temperature bands were interpreted in accordance with the known occurrence of phase transitions breaking the ideal antifluorite K2[PtCl6]-type symmetry, but it appears that the method of vibrational spectroscopy does not invariably reflect the presence of phases of lower symmetry. In the spectra of the tetramethylammonium compounds, methyl torsional IR bands were observed with increasing sharpness at lower temperatures. This behavior can be correlated with a gradual ordering of methyl torsional disorder. The potential energy barrier against methyl group rotation was found to be of the order 4–5 kcal/mol, showing that the methyl groups are not pseudo freely rotating. The anharmonicity of the vibrations in tetramethylammonium hexabromotellurate seems to increase abnormally at lower temperatures, possibly due to enhanced methyl–bromine interaction. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume71
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)2531-2540
ISSN0021-9606
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1979

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Copyright (1979) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

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