Low temperature surface hardening of stainless steel; the role of plastic deformation

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Thermochemical surface engineering by nitriding of austenitic stainless steel transforms the surface zone into expanded austenite, which improves the wear resistance of the stainless steel while preserving the stainless behavior. As a consequence of the thermochemical surface engineering, huge residual stresses are introduced in the developing case, arising from the volume expansion that accompanies the dissolution of high interstitial contents in expanded austenite. This work addresses two aspects of the role of plastic deformation on the case developing during low temperature nitriding: - plastic deformation of metastable austenitic stainless steels leads to the development of strain-induced martensite, which compromises the uniformity and the homogeneity of the expanded austenite zone. - during low temperature surface engineering composition and stress profiles develop. On numerical modelling the evolution of composition and stress profiles from the processing parameters temperature, time and gas composition it is necessary to include elastic-plastic accommodation of the composition-induced strains associated with lattice expansion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings from the 23rd IFHTSE Congress
PublisherASM International
Publication date2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event23rd IFHTSE Congress - Hyatt Regency, Savannah, Savannah, United States
Duration: 18 Apr 201621 Apr 2016


Conference23rd IFHTSE Congress
LocationHyatt Regency, Savannah
CountryUnited States
Internet address

Cite this

Bottoli, F., Jespersen, F. N., Hattel, J. H., Winther, G., Christiansen, T. L., & Somers, M. A. J. (2016). Low temperature surface hardening of stainless steel; the role of plastic deformation. In Proceedings from the 23rd IFHTSE Congress (pp. 51-54). ASM International.