Low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases control antibiotic production in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2)

Sujata Vijay Sohoni, Sarah Lieder, Prashant Madhusudhan Bapat, Ivan Mijakovic, Anna Eliasson Lantz

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    Abstract

    Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) possesses a low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase (LMW-PTP),PtpA, that affects the production of undecylprodigionsin (RED) and actinorhodin (ACT). In this study we identifiedanother LMW-PTP called sco3700. Tyrosine phosphatase activity of the purified Sco3700 was established usingpara-nitrophenyl phosphate and the tyrosine-phosphorylated protein PtkA from Bacillus subtilis as substrates. Theoptimum pH for the Sco3700 phosphatase activity was 6.8, and KM for pNPP was 14.3 mM compared to pH 6.0and KM0.75 mM for PtpA. The potential of Sco3700 to participate, alongside PtpA  Ppppdaspo, in the regulation of S. coelicolorantibiotic production was investigated. Hence, S. coelicolor A3(2) strains with ptpA and sco3700 overexpressionwere constructed and characterized for growth, RED and ACT production. We did observe an increase in volumetricproductivity of ACT in the ptpA over expression strain. Furthermore, a significantly earlier onset of ACT productionwas observed when ptpA was over expressed. Sco3700 overexpression had a pleiotropic effect on the cell, and thestrain exhibited lower productivities and final concentrations of antibiotics. We conclude that Sco3700 is indeed atyrosine phosphatase, and it contributes to regulation of antibiotic production in S. coelicolor affecting the timing ofonset of the antibiotic production
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1000122
    Book seriesEnzyme Engineering
    Volume3
    Issue number1
    Number of pages9
    ISSN0094-8500
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    Keywords

    • Streptomyces coelicolor
    • Tyrosine
    • Phosphorylation
    • LMW-PTP
    • Physiology
    • Antibiotic production

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