Low impact of different SNP panels from two building-loci pipelines on RAD-Seq population genomic metrics: case study on five diverse aquatic species

Adrián Casanova, Francesco Maroso, Andrés Blanco, Miguel Hermida, Néstor Ríos, Graciela García, Alice Manuzzi, Lorenzo Zane, Ana Verissimo, José-Luís García-Marín, Carmen Bouza, Manuel Vera*, Paulino Martínez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The irruption of Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) in the last decade has led to the identification of thousands of molecular markers and their genotyping for refined genomic screening. This approach has been especially useful for non-model organisms with limited genomic resources. Many building-loci pipelines have been developed to obtain robust single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) genotyping datasets using a de novo RAD-seq approach, i.e. without reference genomes. Here, the performances of two building-loci pipelines, STACKS 2 and Meyer's 2b-RAD v2.1 pipeline, were compared using a diverse set of aquatic species representing different genomic and/or population structure scenarios. Two bivalve species (Manila clam and common edible cockle) and three fish species (brown trout, silver catfish and small-spotted catshark) were studied. Four SNP panels were evaluated in each species to test both different building-loci pipelines and criteria for SNP selection. Furthermore, for Manila clam and brown trout, a reference genome approach was used as control. Despite different outcomes were observed between pipelines and species with the diverse SNP calling and filtering steps tested, no remarkable differences were found on genetic diversity and differentiation within species with the SNP panels obtained with a de novo approach. The main differences were found in brown trout between the de novo and reference genome approaches. Genotyped vs missing data mismatches were the main genotyping difference detected between the two building-loci pipelines or between the de novo and reference genome comparisons. Tested building-loci pipelines for selection of SNP panels seem to have low influence on population genetics inference across the diverse case-study scenarios here studied. However, preliminary trials with different bioinformatic pipelines are suggested to evaluate their influence on population parameters according with the specific goals of each study.
Original languageEnglish
Article number150
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume22
Number of pages16
ISSN1471-2164
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • STACKS 2
  • 2b-RAD v2.1 pipeline
  • De novo approach
  • Bowtie 1
  • Reference genome approach
  • Bivalves
  • Fish
  • Population genomics

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