Background: Cholera toxin (CT) is used as a mucosal adjuvant amongst other applications for studying food allergy because oral administration of antigen with CT induces an antigen-specific type 2 response, including IgE and IgA production. Priorly established oral tolerance due to antigen in the diet may radically impact on the CT-adjuvantized immune response. The present study served to evaluate the effect of priorly established low-dose oral tolerance on the CT-adjuvantized immune response towards a food antigen. Methods: Mice fed a diet containing microgram levels of the soy protein Kunitz soy-trypsin inhibitor (KSTI) (F0 mice) and mice fed a soy-free diet (F2 mice) were orally immunized with KSTI and CT. KSTI-specific serum IgG1, IgG2a, IgA and IgE and fecal IgA were monitored. KSTI-stimulated cell proliferation and interleukin (IL)-6 production were determined. Results: The anti-KSTI IgE and IgA responses in the F0 mice were substantially suppressed, while the IgG1 and IgG2a responses were not suppressed after five oral immunizations. The response suppression tended to decline with increasing numbers of immunizations suggesting that the suppression could be overcome by multiple immunizations. However, cell proliferation and IL-6 production were clearly suppressed even after five immunizations. Conclusions: Priorly established low-dose oral tolerance considerably suppressed the CT-adjuvantized KSTI-specific IgE, IgA and cellular immune response but only weakly and transiently the IgG response. The results revealed that low-dose oral tolerance includes the mucosal IgA response and that CT, albeit mediating an antigen-specific response, does not fully abrogate priorly established oral tolerance.
|Journal||International Archives of Allergy and Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|