The loricate choanoflagellate genera Diaphanoeca Ellis and Crinolina Thomsen encompass a total of ten species. The majority of these are recorded from the warm water regions reported on here. A distinct morphological dichotomy characterizes the genus Diaphanoeca as currently circumscribed. The species distribute themselves within a ‘D. grandis subgroup’ and a ‘D. pedicellata subgroup’ distinguished on e.g., the position of the protoplast inside the lorica chamber and the elaboration of the anterior projections. We are, while awaiting in particular further molecular evidence, taking a conservative approach and abstain from dealing with the subgroup issue at the generic level. The examination of material from the warm water regions of the world’s oceans has resulted in the description of D. sargassoensis sp.n., D. pseudoundulata sp.n., and D. throndsenii sp.n., and a thorough re-examination of D. undulata. Species of Crinolina share multiple features with in particular the D. grandis species subgroup. It is yet relevant, both in a morphological and molecular perspective, to retain the genus Crinolina which remains unambiguously defined based on the posteriorly open lorica. A high level of agreement is found when contrasting morphological and molecular based phylogenetic schemes.
- Loricate choanoflagellates