Long-Term Exposure to Wind Turbine Noise and Risk for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Study: A Nationwide Cohort Study

Aslak Harbo Poulsen, Ole Raasehau-Nielsen, Alfredo Peña, Andrea N. Hahmann, Rikke Baastrup Nordsborg, Matthias Ketzel, Jorge Brandt, Mette Sorensen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background:

Noise from wind turbines (WTs) is reported as more annoying than traffic noise at similar levels, raising concerns as to whether WT noise (WTN) increases risk for cardiovascular disease, as observed for traffic noise.

Objectives:

We aimed to investigate whether long-term exposure to WTN increases risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke.

Methods:

We identified all Danish dwellings within a radius 20 times the height of the closest WT and 25% of the dwellings within 20–40 times20–40 timesthe height of the closest WT. Using data on WT type and simulated hourly wind at each WT, we estimated hourly outdoor and low frequency (LF) indoor WTN for each dwelling and derived 1-y and 5-y running nighttime averages. We used hospital and mortality registries to identify all incident cases of MI (n=19,145n=19,145) and stroke (n=18,064n=18,064) among all adults age 25–85 y (n=717,453n=717,453), who lived in one of these dwellings for ≥one year≥one year over the period 1982–2013. We used Poisson regression to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) adjusted for individual- and area-level covariates.

Results:

IRRs for MI in association with 5-y nighttime outdoor WTN >42>42 (vs. <24<24) dB(A) and indoor LF WTN >15>15 (vs. <5<5) dB(A) were 1.21 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.91, 1.62; 47 exposed cases] and 1.29 (95% CI: 0.73, 2.28; 12 exposed cases), respectively. IRRs for intermediate categories of outdoor WTN [24–30, 30–36, and 36–42 dB(A)36–42 dB(A) vs. <24 dB(A)<24 dB(A)] were slightly above the null and of similar size: 1.08 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.12), 1.07 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.12), and 1.06 (95% CI: 0.93, 1.22), respectively. For stroke, IRRs for the second and third outdoor exposure groups were similar to those for MI, but near or below the null for higher exposures.

Conclusions:

We did not find convincing evidence of associations between WTN and MI or stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number037004
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume127
Issue number3
Number of pages10
ISSN0091-6765
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Poulsen, Aslak Harbo ; Raasehau-Nielsen, Ole ; Peña, Alfredo ; Hahmann, Andrea N. ; Nordsborg, Rikke Baastrup ; Ketzel, Matthias ; Brandt, Jorge ; Sorensen, Mette. / Long-Term Exposure to Wind Turbine Noise and Risk for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Study: A Nationwide Cohort Study. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2019 ; Vol. 127, No. 3.
@article{2890562b98ca4600ae37deaeb118c72e,
title = "Long-Term Exposure to Wind Turbine Noise and Risk for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Study: A Nationwide Cohort Study",
abstract = "Background:Noise from wind turbines (WTs) is reported as more annoying than traffic noise at similar levels, raising concerns as to whether WT noise (WTN) increases risk for cardiovascular disease, as observed for traffic noise.Objectives:We aimed to investigate whether long-term exposure to WTN increases risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke.Methods:We identified all Danish dwellings within a radius 20 times the height of the closest WT and 25{\%} of the dwellings within 20–40 times20–40 timesthe height of the closest WT. Using data on WT type and simulated hourly wind at each WT, we estimated hourly outdoor and low frequency (LF) indoor WTN for each dwelling and derived 1-y and 5-y running nighttime averages. We used hospital and mortality registries to identify all incident cases of MI (n=19,145n=19,145) and stroke (n=18,064n=18,064) among all adults age 25–85 y (n=717,453n=717,453), who lived in one of these dwellings for ≥one year≥one year over the period 1982–2013. We used Poisson regression to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) adjusted for individual- and area-level covariates.Results:IRRs for MI in association with 5-y nighttime outdoor WTN >42>42 (vs. <24<24) dB(A) and indoor LF WTN >15>15 (vs. <5<5) dB(A) were 1.21 [95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 0.91, 1.62; 47 exposed cases] and 1.29 (95{\%} CI: 0.73, 2.28; 12 exposed cases), respectively. IRRs for intermediate categories of outdoor WTN [24–30, 30–36, and 36–42 dB(A)36–42 dB(A) vs. <24 dB(A)<24 dB(A)] were slightly above the null and of similar size: 1.08 (95{\%} CI: 1.04, 1.12), 1.07 (95{\%} CI: 1.00, 1.12), and 1.06 (95{\%} CI: 0.93, 1.22), respectively. For stroke, IRRs for the second and third outdoor exposure groups were similar to those for MI, but near or below the null for higher exposures.Conclusions:We did not find convincing evidence of associations between WTN and MI or stroke.",
author = "Poulsen, {Aslak Harbo} and Ole Raasehau-Nielsen and Alfredo Pe{\~n}a and Hahmann, {Andrea N.} and Nordsborg, {Rikke Baastrup} and Matthias Ketzel and Jorge Brandt and Mette Sorensen",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1289/EHP3340",
language = "English",
volume = "127",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "3",

}

Long-Term Exposure to Wind Turbine Noise and Risk for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Study: A Nationwide Cohort Study. / Poulsen, Aslak Harbo; Raasehau-Nielsen, Ole; Peña, Alfredo; Hahmann, Andrea N.; Nordsborg, Rikke Baastrup; Ketzel, Matthias; Brandt, Jorge; Sorensen, Mette.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 127, No. 3, 037004, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-Term Exposure to Wind Turbine Noise and Risk for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Study: A Nationwide Cohort Study

AU - Poulsen, Aslak Harbo

AU - Raasehau-Nielsen, Ole

AU - Peña, Alfredo

AU - Hahmann, Andrea N.

AU - Nordsborg, Rikke Baastrup

AU - Ketzel, Matthias

AU - Brandt, Jorge

AU - Sorensen, Mette

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background:Noise from wind turbines (WTs) is reported as more annoying than traffic noise at similar levels, raising concerns as to whether WT noise (WTN) increases risk for cardiovascular disease, as observed for traffic noise.Objectives:We aimed to investigate whether long-term exposure to WTN increases risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke.Methods:We identified all Danish dwellings within a radius 20 times the height of the closest WT and 25% of the dwellings within 20–40 times20–40 timesthe height of the closest WT. Using data on WT type and simulated hourly wind at each WT, we estimated hourly outdoor and low frequency (LF) indoor WTN for each dwelling and derived 1-y and 5-y running nighttime averages. We used hospital and mortality registries to identify all incident cases of MI (n=19,145n=19,145) and stroke (n=18,064n=18,064) among all adults age 25–85 y (n=717,453n=717,453), who lived in one of these dwellings for ≥one year≥one year over the period 1982–2013. We used Poisson regression to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) adjusted for individual- and area-level covariates.Results:IRRs for MI in association with 5-y nighttime outdoor WTN >42>42 (vs. <24<24) dB(A) and indoor LF WTN >15>15 (vs. <5<5) dB(A) were 1.21 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.91, 1.62; 47 exposed cases] and 1.29 (95% CI: 0.73, 2.28; 12 exposed cases), respectively. IRRs for intermediate categories of outdoor WTN [24–30, 30–36, and 36–42 dB(A)36–42 dB(A) vs. <24 dB(A)<24 dB(A)] were slightly above the null and of similar size: 1.08 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.12), 1.07 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.12), and 1.06 (95% CI: 0.93, 1.22), respectively. For stroke, IRRs for the second and third outdoor exposure groups were similar to those for MI, but near or below the null for higher exposures.Conclusions:We did not find convincing evidence of associations between WTN and MI or stroke.

AB - Background:Noise from wind turbines (WTs) is reported as more annoying than traffic noise at similar levels, raising concerns as to whether WT noise (WTN) increases risk for cardiovascular disease, as observed for traffic noise.Objectives:We aimed to investigate whether long-term exposure to WTN increases risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke.Methods:We identified all Danish dwellings within a radius 20 times the height of the closest WT and 25% of the dwellings within 20–40 times20–40 timesthe height of the closest WT. Using data on WT type and simulated hourly wind at each WT, we estimated hourly outdoor and low frequency (LF) indoor WTN for each dwelling and derived 1-y and 5-y running nighttime averages. We used hospital and mortality registries to identify all incident cases of MI (n=19,145n=19,145) and stroke (n=18,064n=18,064) among all adults age 25–85 y (n=717,453n=717,453), who lived in one of these dwellings for ≥one year≥one year over the period 1982–2013. We used Poisson regression to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) adjusted for individual- and area-level covariates.Results:IRRs for MI in association with 5-y nighttime outdoor WTN >42>42 (vs. <24<24) dB(A) and indoor LF WTN >15>15 (vs. <5<5) dB(A) were 1.21 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.91, 1.62; 47 exposed cases] and 1.29 (95% CI: 0.73, 2.28; 12 exposed cases), respectively. IRRs for intermediate categories of outdoor WTN [24–30, 30–36, and 36–42 dB(A)36–42 dB(A) vs. <24 dB(A)<24 dB(A)] were slightly above the null and of similar size: 1.08 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.12), 1.07 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.12), and 1.06 (95% CI: 0.93, 1.22), respectively. For stroke, IRRs for the second and third outdoor exposure groups were similar to those for MI, but near or below the null for higher exposures.Conclusions:We did not find convincing evidence of associations between WTN and MI or stroke.

U2 - 10.1289/EHP3340

DO - 10.1289/EHP3340

M3 - Journal article

VL - 127

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 3

M1 - 037004

ER -