Hidden Markov models are often used to capture stylized facts of daily returns and to infer the hidden state of financial markets. Previous studies have found that the estimated models change over time, but the implications of the time-varying behavior for the ability to reproduce the stylized facts have not been thoroughly examined. This paper presents an adaptive estimation approach that allows for the parameters of the estimated models to be time-varying. It is shown that a two-state Gaussian hidden Markov model with time-varying parameters is able to reproduce the long memory of squared daily returns that was previously believed to be the most difficult fact to reproduce with a hidden Markov model. Capturing the time-varying behavior of the parameters also leads to improved one-step predictions.
|Number of pages||23|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||22nd International Forecasting Financial Markets Conference - Rennes, France|
Duration: 20 May 2015 → 22 May 2015
|Conference||22nd International Forecasting Financial Markets Conference|
|Period||20/05/2015 → 22/05/2015|
- Hidden Markov models
- Daily returns
- Stylized facts
- Long memory
- Time-varying parameters
Nystrup, P., Madsen, H., & Lindström, E. (2015). Long memory of financial time series and hidden Markov models with time-varying parameters. Paper presented at 22nd International Forecasting Financial Markets Conference, Rennes, France.