Localized structures and front propagation in the Lengyel-Epstein model

O. Jensen, Viggo Ole Pannbacker, Erik Mosekilde, G. Dewel, P. Borckmans

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Abstract

Pattern selection, localized structure formation, and front propagation are analyzed within the framework of a model for the chlorine dioxide-iodine-malonic acid reaction that represents a key to understanding recently obtained Turing structures. This model is distinguished from previously studied, simple reaction-diffusion models by producing a strongly subcritical transition to stripes. The wave number for the modes of maximum linear gain is calculated and compared with the dominant wave number for the finally selected, stationary structures grown from the homogeneous steady state or developed behind a traveling front. The speed of propagation for a front between the homogeneous steady state and a one-dimensional (ID) Turing structure is obtained. This velocity shows a characteristic change in behavior at the crossover between the subcritical and supercritical regimes for the Turing bifurcation. In the subcritical regime there is an interval where the front velocity vanishes as a result of a pinning of the front to the underlying structure. In 2D, two different nucleation mechanisms for hexagonal structures are illustrated on the Lengyel-Epstein and the Brusselator model. Finally, the observation of ID and 2D spirals with Turing-induced cores is reported.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume50
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)736-749
ISSN1063-651X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Bibliographical note

Copyright (1994) by the American Physical Society.

Keywords

  • CONVECTION
  • REACTION-DIFFUSION-SYSTEMS
  • CHEMICAL OSCILLATORS
  • TURING PATTERNS
  • UNSTABLE STATES
  • CHLORINE DIOXIDE
  • GEL REACTOR
  • MARGINAL STABILITY
  • MALONIC-ACID REACTION
  • SELECTION

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