Local environmental conditions shape generalist but not specialist components of microbial metacommunities in the Baltic Sea

Markus V. Lindh*, Johanna Sjöstedt, Michele Casini, Agneta Andersson, Catherine Legrand, Jarone Pinhassi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Marine microbes exhibit biogeographical patterns linked with fluxes of matter and energy. Yet, knowledge of the mechanisms shaping bacterioplankton community assembly across temporal scales remains poor. We examined bacterioplankton 16S rRNA gene fragments obtained from Baltic Sea transects to determine phylogenetic relatedness and assembly processes coupled with niche breadth. Communities were phylogenetically more related over time than expected by chance, albeit with considerable temporal variation. Hence, habitat filtering, i.e., local environmental conditions, rather than competition structured bacterioplankton communities in summer but not in spring or autumn. Species sorting (SS) was the dominant assembly process, but temporal and taxonomical variation in mechanisms was observed. For May communities, Cyanobacteria, Actinobacteria, Alpha- and Betaproteobacteria exhibited SS while Bacteroidetes and Verrucomicrobia were assembled by SS and mass effect. Concomitantly, Gammaproteobacteria were assembled by the neutral model and patch dynamics. Temporal variation in habitat filtering and dispersal highlights the impact of seasonally driven reorganization of microbial communities. Typically abundant Baltic Sea populations such as the NS3a marine group (Bacteroidetes) and the SAR86 and SAR11 clade had the highest niche breadth. The verrucomicrobial Spartobacteria population also exhibited high niche breadth. Surprisingly, variation in bacterioplankton community composition was regulated by environmental factors for generalist taxa but not specialists. Our results suggest that generalists such as NS3a, SAR86, and SAR11 are reorganized to a greater extent by changes in the environment compared to specialists and contribute more strongly to determining overall biogeographical patterns of marine bacterial communities.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2078
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume7
ISSN1664-302X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • assembly mechanism
  • generalist
  • habitat filtering
  • metacommunity
  • net relatedness index
  • niche breadth
  • specialist
  • MICROBIOLOGY
  • BACTERIAL COMMUNITY COMPOSITION
  • BACTERIOPLANKTON COMMUNITIES
  • BIOGEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS
  • COMPETITIVE-EXCLUSION
  • HABITAT GENERALISTS
  • SPATIAL PROCESSES
  • DYNAMICS
  • ECOLOGY
  • PHYLOGENIES
  • DIVERSITY
  • BETA-LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS
  • TRANSFER-RNA SYNTHETASE
  • PSEUDOMONAS-AERUGINOSA
  • METHICILLIN-RESISTANT
  • ESCHERICHIA-COLI
  • ANTISTAPHYLOCOCCAL AGENTS
  • QUINOLONE SUSCEPTIBILITY
  • GENETIC-DETERMINANTS
  • 2-COMPONENT SYSTEM
  • DNA GYRASE
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • antimicrobial agents
  • intrinsic resistance
  • potentiator targets
  • Galleria mellonella

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