Load-Independent Characterization of Plate Foundation Support Using High-Resolution Distributed Fiber-Optic Sensing

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The evaluation of soil reaction in geotechnical foundation systems such as concrete pavements, mat- and raft foundations is a challenging task, as the process involves both the selection of a representative mechanical model (e.g., Winkler, Continuum, Pasternak, etc.) and identify its prevailing parameters. Moreover, the support characteristics may change with time and environmental situation. This paper presents a new method for the characterization of plate foundation support using high-resolution fiber-optic distributed strain sensing. The approach involves tracking the location of distinct points of zero and maximum strains, and relating the shift in their location to the changes in soil reaction. The approach may allow the determination of the most suited mechanical model of soil representation as well as model parameters. Routine monitoring using this approach may help to asses the degradation of the subsoil with time as part of structural health monitoring strategies. In this paper, fundamental expressions that relate between the location of distinct strain points and the variation of soil parameters were developed based on various analytical foundation support models. Finally, as an initial validation step and to underpin the idea basics, the proposed method was successfully demonstrated on a simple mechanical setup. It is shown that the approach allows for load-independent characterization of the soil response and, in that sense, it is superior to common identification methods.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3518
JournalSensors
Volume19
ISSN1424-8220
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Distributed fiber-optic strain sensing, Soil-structure interaction, Foundation support, Structural health monitoring, Geotechnical analysis, Pavement analysis

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