Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is widespread in farmed mink (Neovison vison)

Julie Elvekjær Hansen, Anders Rhod Larsen, Robert Leo Skov, Mariann Chriél, Gitte Larsen, Øystein Angen, Jesper Larsen, Desireé Corvera Kløve Lassen, Karl Pedersen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) clonal complex (CC) 398 is widespread in the Danish pig production with around 90% of herds being positive. Since 2009, cases of CC398 LA-MRSA infections in Danish mink farmers have been observed. The objective of the study was to examine the presence of LA-MRSA in farmed mink. The investigation comprised three different sample types 1) clinical samples from carcasses submitted to the laboratory for diagnostic examination, 2) paws and pharyngeal swabs from healthy animals collected at pelting, and 3) feed samples from mink feed producers. In clinical samples, LA-MRSA was found in 34% of submissions and was most prevalent in samples from paws (33%) and pharynx (17%), followed by nasal and intestinal samples (each 13%), whereas it was never detected in perineal samples. LA-MRSA was found in healthy animals on 40% of the investigated farms, including paw samples (29%) and pharyngeal samples (16%). Twenty out of the 108 feed samples from feed producers were positive for LA-MRSA. The dominant spa-types were t034 and t011 associated to CC398, corresponding to the dominant spa-types detected in the Danish pig production, from which slaughter offal is used for mink feed. The spa-types, the high prevalence of LA-MRSA on paws and in pharynx, and its detection in feed samples, suggest feed as a possible source of LA-MRSA in mink.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalVeterinary Microbiology
    Pages (from-to)44-49
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    • LA-MRSA
    • CC398
    • Neovison vison
    • Farmed mink
    • Mink feed

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