Lithium salts for advanced lithium batteries: Li–metal, Li–O2, and Li–S

Reza Younesi, Gabriel M. Veith, Patrik Johansson, Kristina Edström, Tejs Vegge

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Abstract

Presently lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) is the dominant Li-salt used in commercial rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) based on a graphite anode and a 3–4 V cathode material. While LiPF6 is not the ideal Li-salt for every important electrolyte property, it has a uniquely suitable combination of properties (temperature range, passivation, conductivity, etc.) rendering it the overall best Li-salt for LIBs. However, this may not necessarily be true for other types of Li-based batteries. Indeed, next generation batteries, for example lithium–metal (Li–metal), lithium–oxygen (Li–O2), and lithium–sulfur (Li–S), require a re-evaluation of Li-salts due to the different electrochemical and chemical reactions and conditions within such cells. This review explores the critical role Li-salts play in ensuring in these batteries viability.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy & Environmental Science
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1905-1922
Number of pages18
ISSN1754-5692
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

This article is published Open Access as part of the RSC's Gold for Gold initiative, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.

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