Lithium Insertion in LiCr3O8, NaCr3O8, and KCr3O8 at Room Temperature and at 125°C

R. Koksbang, D. Fauteux, P. Norby, K. A. Nielsen

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Abstract

Lithium insertion and deinsertion reactions have been carried out with LiCr3O8, NaCr3O8, and KCr3O8 chemically andelectrochemically at room temperature and at 125°C. The electrochemical experiments were performed with a nonaqueousliquid electrolyte at room temperature and with a polymer electrolyte at high temperature. At both temperatures,LiCr3O8 inserts chemically and electrochemically ca. 4 and 5 Li per formula unit, respectively. Experimental data revealthat the reaction involves major structural changes. Insertion of only small amounts of Li leads to irreversible structuralbreakdown. At elevated temperatures, the isostructural compounds NaCr3O8 and KCr3O8 are able to accommodate morethan 4Li/MCr3O8. During this process, minor structural changes are observed. At room temperature, NaCr3O8 and KCr3O8also accommodate Li topotactically, but the maximum number of Li inserted per formula is close to 4Li/NaCr3O8 and 1.3Li/KCr3O8.Lithium ion diffusion coefficients are similar for the two compounds in the comparable composition range.Thermally, the fully lithiated compounds appear to be as stable as the pristine materials.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume136
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)598-605
ISSN0013-4651
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Bibliographical note

Copyright The Electrochemical Society, Inc. [1989]. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS).

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