Lithium Conductivity and Ions Dynamics in LiBH4/SiO2 Solid-Electrolytes studied by Solid-State NMR and Quasi Elastic Neutron Scattering and applied in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Jessica Lefevr, Luca Cervini, John M. Griffin, Didier Blanchard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Composite solid-state electrolytes based on ball-milled LiBH4/SiO2 aerogel exhibit high lithium conductivities and we have found an optimal weight ratio, 30/70 wt% LiBH4/SiO2, with a conductivity of 0.1 mS/cm-1 at room temperature. We have studied the Li+ and BH4- dynamics using Quasi- Elastic Neutron Scattering and solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and found that only a small fraction (~10%) of the ions have high mobilities while most of the LiBH4 shows behavior similar to macrocrystalline material. The modified LiBH4 is formed from interaction with the SiO2 surface and most probably from reaction with the surface silanol groups. We successfully applied these composite electrolytes in lithium-sulfur solid-state batteries. The batteries show reasonable capacity retention (794 mAhg-1 sulfur after 10 discharge-charge cycles, coulombic efficiency of 88.8% ± 2.7% and average capacity loss of 7.2% during the first 10 cycles)
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume122
Issue number27
Pages (from-to)15264-15275
ISSN1932-7447
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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