Liquid-State 13C Polarization of 30% through Photoinduced Nonpersistent Radicals

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Abstract

Hyperpolarization via dissolutiondynamic nuclear polarization(dDNP) is crucial to significantly increasing the magnetic resonanceimaging (MRI) sensitivity, opening up in vivo real-time MRI using 13C-labeled substrates. The range of applications, however,is limited by the relatively fast decay of the nuclear spin polarizationtogether with the constraint of having to polarize the spins nearthe MRI magnet. As recently demonstrated, the employment of UV-inducednonpersistent radicals represents an elegant solution to tacklingthese drawbacks. Nevertheless, since its introduction, the spreadof the technique has been prevented by the relatively low achievablepolarization, slow buildup time, and time-consuming sample preparation.In the present work, thanks to a thorough investigation of the radicalgeneration step, we provide a robust protocol to enhance the efficiencyand performance of the UV-radical technique. Under optimal conditions,it was possible to produce up to 60 mM radical in less than 5 minand reach maximum DNP enhancement with a buildup time constant ofapproximately 25 min at 6.7 T and 1 K, resulting in 30% 13C liquid-state polarization.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume122
Issue number13
Pages (from-to)7432-7443
ISSN1932-7447
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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