Liquid scintillation counting for determination of radionuclides in environmental and nuclear application

Xiaolin Hou*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Liquid scintillation counting (LSC) is a major technique not only for measurement of pure beta emitting radionuclides, but also radionuclides decay by electron capture and alpha emission. Although it is a conventional radiometric technique, but still a competitive techniques for the measurement of many radionuclides. This paper summaries the major development of this measurement technique in instrumentation, methodology and applications in the past decades. The progresses in the instrumentation and methodology mainly focus on the commercialization of triple-to-double coincidence ratio based LSC techniques and its application in the determination of different radionuclides. An overall review and discussion on the LSC based analytical methods for the determination of major radionuclides in environmental researches, decommissioning of nuclear faculties and nuclear application are presented, in both measurement techniques and sample preparation using radiochemical separation. Meanwhile the problems and challenges in the development and application of the LSC are also discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
    Volume318
    Pages (from-to)1597–1628
    ISSN0236-5731
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Keywords

    • Alpha–beta discrimination
    • Cerenkov counting
    • Characterization of decommissioning samples
    • Liquid scintillation counting
    • Measurement of radionuclides
    • Triple-to-double coincidence ratio

    Cite this

    @article{c7b6610d084a49adb2c0ed321edc2e93,
    title = "Liquid scintillation counting for determination of radionuclides in environmental and nuclear application",
    abstract = "Liquid scintillation counting (LSC) is a major technique not only for measurement of pure beta emitting radionuclides, but also radionuclides decay by electron capture and alpha emission. Although it is a conventional radiometric technique, but still a competitive techniques for the measurement of many radionuclides. This paper summaries the major development of this measurement technique in instrumentation, methodology and applications in the past decades. The progresses in the instrumentation and methodology mainly focus on the commercialization of triple-to-double coincidence ratio based LSC techniques and its application in the determination of different radionuclides. An overall review and discussion on the LSC based analytical methods for the determination of major radionuclides in environmental researches, decommissioning of nuclear faculties and nuclear application are presented, in both measurement techniques and sample preparation using radiochemical separation. Meanwhile the problems and challenges in the development and application of the LSC are also discussed.",
    keywords = "Alpha–beta discrimination, Cerenkov counting, Characterization of decommissioning samples, Liquid scintillation counting, Measurement of radionuclides, Triple-to-double coincidence ratio",
    author = "Xiaolin Hou",
    year = "2018",
    doi = "10.1007/s10967-018-6258-6",
    language = "English",
    volume = "318",
    pages = "1597–1628",
    journal = "Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry",
    issn = "0236-5731",
    publisher = "Akademiai Kiado Rt.",

    }

    Liquid scintillation counting for determination of radionuclides in environmental and nuclear application. / Hou, Xiaolin.

    In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 318, 2018, p. 1597–1628.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Liquid scintillation counting for determination of radionuclides in environmental and nuclear application

    AU - Hou, Xiaolin

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - Liquid scintillation counting (LSC) is a major technique not only for measurement of pure beta emitting radionuclides, but also radionuclides decay by electron capture and alpha emission. Although it is a conventional radiometric technique, but still a competitive techniques for the measurement of many radionuclides. This paper summaries the major development of this measurement technique in instrumentation, methodology and applications in the past decades. The progresses in the instrumentation and methodology mainly focus on the commercialization of triple-to-double coincidence ratio based LSC techniques and its application in the determination of different radionuclides. An overall review and discussion on the LSC based analytical methods for the determination of major radionuclides in environmental researches, decommissioning of nuclear faculties and nuclear application are presented, in both measurement techniques and sample preparation using radiochemical separation. Meanwhile the problems and challenges in the development and application of the LSC are also discussed.

    AB - Liquid scintillation counting (LSC) is a major technique not only for measurement of pure beta emitting radionuclides, but also radionuclides decay by electron capture and alpha emission. Although it is a conventional radiometric technique, but still a competitive techniques for the measurement of many radionuclides. This paper summaries the major development of this measurement technique in instrumentation, methodology and applications in the past decades. The progresses in the instrumentation and methodology mainly focus on the commercialization of triple-to-double coincidence ratio based LSC techniques and its application in the determination of different radionuclides. An overall review and discussion on the LSC based analytical methods for the determination of major radionuclides in environmental researches, decommissioning of nuclear faculties and nuclear application are presented, in both measurement techniques and sample preparation using radiochemical separation. Meanwhile the problems and challenges in the development and application of the LSC are also discussed.

    KW - Alpha–beta discrimination

    KW - Cerenkov counting

    KW - Characterization of decommissioning samples

    KW - Liquid scintillation counting

    KW - Measurement of radionuclides

    KW - Triple-to-double coincidence ratio

    U2 - 10.1007/s10967-018-6258-6

    DO - 10.1007/s10967-018-6258-6

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 318

    SP - 1597

    EP - 1628

    JO - Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

    JF - Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

    SN - 0236-5731

    ER -