Lipozyme IM-catalyzed interesterification of the oil blend between palm stearin and coconut oil (75/25 w/w) was studied for the production of margarine fats in a 1 kg scale batch stirred tank reactor. Parameters such as lipase load, water content, temperature, and reaction time were investigated. The reusability of Lipozyme IM was also studied under optimized conditions. The interesterification products were monitored by analysis of triacylglycerol profiles, the contents of diacylglycerols, free fatty acids (FFA), and solid fat contents. The contents of some triacylglycerol species, which were categorized by equivalent carbon number (ECN), namely ECN34, 36, 48, and 50, decreased by 6.0, 5.9, 5.8, and 13.7%, respectively, after enzymatic interesterification, similar to the reduction of those species after chemical interesterification, 6.6, 6.0, 7.1, and 12.9%, respectively. On the other hand, those of ECN38, 40, 42, 44, and 46 increased by 1.1, 1.6, 6.8, 16.7, and 6.5%, respectively, in comparison with the increase of those species after chemical interesterification, 0.2, 1.5, 6.5, 17.0, and 9.2%, respectively. Lipase load and reaction time had great influence on the degree of interesterification. A Lipozyme IM load of 6% was required for a reaction of 6 h and at 60 °C, to reach a stable degree of interesterification. Temperature variation in the range of 50–75 °C did not affect the reaction degree as well as the contents of diacylglycerols, but the content of FFA slightly increased with higher temperature. Addition of water to the enzyme increased the contents of diacylglycerols and FFA in the products linearly. However, it had no effect on the degree of interesterification for the first batch when the enzyme was reused. Lipozyme IM was stable in the 10-batch test after adjusting the water content in the system. The relationship between the content of water in the system and that of FFAs in the products was evaluated and discussed.
|Journal||European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- batch reactor
- coconut oil
- palm stearin
- Lipozyme IM
- margarine fat