Lignocellulosic materials valorization in second generation biorefineries: an opportunity to produce fungal biopigments

Gabriel L. Arruda, Maria Teresa F. R. Raymundo, Mónica M. Cruz-Santos, Vinícius P. Shibukawa, Fanny M. Jofre, Carina A. Prado, Silvio S. da Silva, Solange I. Mussatto, Júlio C. Santos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Second generation biorefineries play an important role in the production of renewable energy and fuels, utilizing forest and agro-industrial residues and by-products as raw materials. The integration of novel bioproducts, such as: xylitol, β-carotene, xylooligosaccharides, and biopigments into the biorefinery's portfolio can offer economic benefits in the valorization of lignocellulosic materials, particularly cellulosic and hemicellulosic fractions. Fungal biopigments, known for their additional antioxidant and antimicrobial properties, are appealing to consumers and can have applications in various industrial sectors, including food and pharmaceuticals. The use of lignocellulosic materials as carbon and nutrient sources for the growth medium helps to reduce production costs, increasing the competitiveness of fungal biopigments in the market. In addition, the implementation of biopigment production in biorefineries allows the utilization of underutilized fractions, such as hemicellulose, for value-added bioproducts. This study deals with the potential of fungal biopigments production in second generation biorefineries in order to diversify the produced biomolecules together with energy generation. A comprehensive and critical review of the recent literature on this topic has been conducted, covering the major possible raw materials, general aspects of second generation biorefineries, the fungal biopigments and their potential for incorporation into biorefineries.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCritical Reviews in Biotechnology
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Second generation biorefinery
  • Fungal biopigments
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Solid state fermentation
  • Submerged fermentation
  • Yeast bioproducts
  • Filamentous fungi


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