Lightning Damage to Wind Turbine Blades From Wind Farms in the U.S.

Anna Candela Garolera, Søren Find Madsen, Maya Nissim, Jackson D. Myers, Joachim Holbøll

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    This paper presents statistical data about lightning damage on wind turbine blades reported at different wind farms in the U.S. The analysis is based on 304 cases of damage due to direct lightning attachment on the blade surface. This study includes a large variety of blades with different lengths, laminate structure, and lightning protection systems. The statistics consist of the distribution of lightning damage along the blade and classify the damage by severity. In addition, the frequency of lightning damage to more than one blade of a wind turbine after a thunderstorm is assessed. The results of the analysis show that the majority of lightning damage is concentrated at the tip of the blade. Furthermore, all of the blades involved in the study show great similarity in the distribution of damage along the blade and the characteristics of the damages, even concerning the significant differences in the blades' geometry and materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)1043-1049
    Number of pages7
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Attachment distribution
    • lightning
    • lightning damage
    • lightning zoning
    • wind turbines
    • Damage detection
    • Electric utilities
    • Lightning
    • Lightning protection
    • Turbomachine blades
    • Wind power
    • Wind turbines
    • Blade Surface
    • Direct lightning
    • Laminate structures
    • Lightning protection systems
    • Statistical datas
    • Wind farm
    • Wind turbine blades
    • Turbine components
    • blades
    • lightning protection
    • power generation protection
    • wind power plants
    • blade geometry
    • wind turbine blades
    • wind farms
    • blade surface
    • laminate structure
    • lightning protection systems
    • lightning damage distribution
    • Blades
    • Delamination
    • Laminates
    • Carbon
    • Wind power plants
    • Power system protection


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