Life cycle cost analysis: A case study of hydrogen energy application on the Orkney Islands

Guangling Zhao*, Eva Ravn Nielsen, Enrique Troncoso, Kris Hyde, Jesús Simón Romeo, Michael Diderich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Hydrogen can compensate for the intermittent nature of some renewable energy sources and encompass the options of supplying renewables to offset the use of fossil fuels. The integrating of hydrogen application into the energy system will change the current energy market. Therefore, this paper deploys the life cycle cost analysis of hydrogen production by polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysis and applications for electricity and mobility purposes. The hydrogen production process includes electricity generated from wind turbines, PEM electrolyser, hydrogen compression, storage, and distribution by H2 truck and tube trailer. The hydrogen application process includes PEM fuel cell stacks generating electricity, a H2 refuelling station supplying hydrogen, and range extender fuel cell electric vehicles (RE-FCEVs). The cost analysis is conducted from a demonstration project of green hydrogen on a remote archipelago. The methodology of life cycle cost is employed to conduct the cost of hydrogen production and application. Five scenarios are developed to compare the cost of hydrogen applications with the conventional energy sources considering CO2 emission cost. The  comparisons show the cost of using hydrogen for energy purposes is still higher than the cost of using fossil fuels. The largest contributor of the cost is the electricity consumption. In the sensitivity analysis, policy supports such as feed-in tariff (FITs) could bring completive of hydrogen with fossil fuels in current energy market.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume44
Issue number19
Pages (from-to)9517-9528
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Life cycle cost
  • Hydrogen energy application
  • PEM electrolyser
  • Fuel cell stack
  • Range extender fuel cell electric vehicle

Cite this

Zhao, Guangling ; Ravn Nielsen, Eva ; Troncoso, Enrique ; Hyde, Kris ; Romeo, Jesús Simón ; Diderich, Michael. / Life cycle cost analysis: A case study of hydrogen energy application on the Orkney Islands. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2019 ; Vol. 44, No. 19. pp. 9517-9528.
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abstract = "Hydrogen can compensate for the intermittent nature of some renewable energy sources and encompass the options of supplying renewables to offset the use of fossil fuels. The integrating of hydrogen application into the energy system will change the current energy market. Therefore, this paper deploys the life cycle cost analysis of hydrogen production by polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysis and applications for electricity and mobility purposes. The hydrogen production process includes electricity generated from wind turbines, PEM electrolyser, hydrogen compression, storage, and distribution by H2 truck and tube trailer. The hydrogen application process includes PEM fuel cell stacks generating electricity, a H2 refuelling station supplying hydrogen, and range extender fuel cell electric vehicles (RE-FCEVs). The cost analysis is conducted from a demonstration project of green hydrogen on a remote archipelago. The methodology of life cycle cost is employed to conduct the cost of hydrogen production and application. Five scenarios are developed to compare the cost of hydrogen applications with the conventional energy sources considering CO2 emission cost. The  comparisons show the cost of using hydrogen for energy purposes is still higher than the cost of using fossil fuels. The largest contributor of the cost is the electricity consumption. In the sensitivity analysis, policy supports such as feed-in tariff (FITs) could bring completive of hydrogen with fossil fuels in current energy market.",
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Life cycle cost analysis: A case study of hydrogen energy application on the Orkney Islands. / Zhao, Guangling; Ravn Nielsen, Eva; Troncoso, Enrique; Hyde, Kris; Romeo, Jesús Simón; Diderich, Michael.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 44, No. 19, 2019, p. 9517-9528.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Ravn Nielsen, Eva

AU - Troncoso, Enrique

AU - Hyde, Kris

AU - Romeo, Jesús Simón

AU - Diderich, Michael

PY - 2019

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AB - Hydrogen can compensate for the intermittent nature of some renewable energy sources and encompass the options of supplying renewables to offset the use of fossil fuels. The integrating of hydrogen application into the energy system will change the current energy market. Therefore, this paper deploys the life cycle cost analysis of hydrogen production by polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysis and applications for electricity and mobility purposes. The hydrogen production process includes electricity generated from wind turbines, PEM electrolyser, hydrogen compression, storage, and distribution by H2 truck and tube trailer. The hydrogen application process includes PEM fuel cell stacks generating electricity, a H2 refuelling station supplying hydrogen, and range extender fuel cell electric vehicles (RE-FCEVs). The cost analysis is conducted from a demonstration project of green hydrogen on a remote archipelago. The methodology of life cycle cost is employed to conduct the cost of hydrogen production and application. Five scenarios are developed to compare the cost of hydrogen applications with the conventional energy sources considering CO2 emission cost. The  comparisons show the cost of using hydrogen for energy purposes is still higher than the cost of using fossil fuels. The largest contributor of the cost is the electricity consumption. In the sensitivity analysis, policy supports such as feed-in tariff (FITs) could bring completive of hydrogen with fossil fuels in current energy market.

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