Life-cycle assessment of engineered nanomaterials: A literature review of assessment status

Mirko Miseljic, Stig Irving Olsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The potential environmental impacts of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), and their engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), have, in recent years, been a cause of concern. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a highly qualified tool to assess products and systems and has an increasing extent been applied to ENMs. However, still only 29 case studies on LCA of ENMs have been published in journals and this article investigates these studies. Generally, data on production of ENMs as well as the coverage of the life cycle are limited. In particular, within use and disposal stages data are scarce due to many unknowns regarding the potential release and fate of ENMs/ENPs to and in the environment. This study investigates the sensitivity of case studies with respect to ecotoxicity impacts through a quantification of the potential ecotoxicity impacts to algae, daphnia and fish as a result of direct release of Ag and TiO 2 ENPs (mainly
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
    Volume16
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)2427
    Number of pages33
    ISSN1388-0764
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • Engineered nanomaterials
    • Environmental effects
    • Impact assessment
    • Life-cycle assessment
    • Sustainability
    • Life cycle
    • Nanostructured materials
    • Polyethylene terephthalates
    • Silver
    • Sustainable development
    • Titanium dioxide
    • Water
    • Direct release
    • Engineered nanoparticles
    • Freshwater species
    • Impact assessments
    • Life-cycle assessments
    • Literature reviews
    • Orders of magnitude
    • Environmental impact

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