Life cycle assessment of a wind farm and related externalities

Liselotte Schleisner

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper concentrates on the assessment of energy and emissions related to the production and manufacture of materials for an offshore wind farm as well as a wind farm on land based on a life cycle analysis (LCA) model. In Denmark a model has been developed for life cycle assessments of different materials. The model is able to assess the energy use related to the production, transportation and manufacture of 1 kg of material. The energy use is divided into fuels used in order to estimate the emissions through the life cycle. In the paper the model and the attached assumptions are described, and the model is demonstrated for two wind farms. The externalities for the wind farms are reported, showing the importance of life cycle assessment for renewable energy technologies. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRenewable Energy
    Volume20
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)279-288
    ISSN0960-1481
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

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