Activities per year
One promising recovery system, referred to as TRENS, consists of an enhanced biological phosphorus removal and recovery system (EBP2R) connected to a photobioreactor. We present the environmental impact results of the first simulated full-scale TRENS system in its potential operating environment as a side-stream process to an existing Copenhagen wastewater treatment plant. The system recovers water and nutrients that can be used in scenarios of agricultural irrigation-fertilization and aquifer recharge. The environmental performance of the system has been evaluated through life cycle assessment using EASETECH software.
For the chosen scenarios, TRENS reduces global warming up to 15% and marine eutrophication impacts up to 9% compared to conventional treatment. This is due to the TRENS system’s lower aeration demands, and thus energy consumption, as well as recovery of nitrogen. The key environmental concerns obtained through the LCA are linked to increased human toxicity impacts from the chosen end use of TRENS products. The toxicity impacts are from both heavy metals release associated with land application of recovered wastewater nutrients and production of AlCl3, which is required for advanced treatment prior to aquifer recharge.
Pertubation analysis of the LCA model in EASETECH pinpointed nutrient substitution and heavy metals content of algae biofertilizer as critical areas for further research if TRENS performance is to be better characterized. These findings provided the first iteration in addressing the environmental performance of TRENS as it progresses from concept to commercial implementation. In conclusion, our study provided valuable feedback to the TRENS developers and identified the importance of system expansion to include impacts outside the immediate biological system of TRENS itself. Also the study showed for the first time the successful evaluation of urban-to-agricultural water systems in EASETECH.
|Title of host publication||ISIE Conference 2015|
|Place of Publication||Guildford, UK|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||8th Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology - Universtiy of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom|
Duration: 7 Jul 2015 → 10 Jul 2015
Conference number: 8
|Conference||8th Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology|
|Location||Universtiy of Surrey|
|Period||07/07/2015 → 10/07/2015|
Anders Damgaard (Participant)7 Jul 2015 → 10 Jul 2015
Activity: Attending an event › Participating in or organising workshops, courses, seminars etc.