Life Cycle Assessment and Risk Assessment: A Methodological Comparison.

Stig Irving Olsen, Frans Møller Christensen, Michael Zwicky Hauschild, Finn Pedersen, Henrik Fred Larsen, Jens Tørsløv

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Life Cycle Assessment and Risk Assessment are two different tools in environmental management. The paper identifies harmonies, discrepancies and relations between the two tools exemplified by the risk assessment principles of the European Commission (EC) and the LCA method ‘EDIP’ (En-vironmental Design of Industrial Products) developed in Denmark, respectively. A very important feature of LCA is the relative assessment due to the use of a functional unit. Risk assessment on the other hand is an absolute assessment, which may require very specific and detailed information on e.g. the exposure conditions. It is concluded that the conceptual background and the purpose of the tools are different but that there are overlaps where they may benefit from each other and they do complement each other in an overall environmental effort.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review
    Volume21
    Pages (from-to)385-404
    ISSN0195-9255
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Keywords

    • Risk assessment
    • Life Cycle Assessment
    • Evironmental management
    • EDIP

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