Life Cycle Analysis of Phenol - Formaldehyde Resins Substituted with Lignin

Olivia Ana Perederic, Aikaterini Mountraki, Electra Papadopoulou, John M. Woodley, Georgios M. Kontogeorgis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resins are widely used in wood-based applications by reason of their heat and water resistance, high mechanical strength and chemical stability. Challenges regarding the environmental impact of petroleum-based resources lead to an increased interest of developing new resins where components such as phenol are replaced with renewable materials. This work evaluates the environmental impact of phenol-formaldehyde resins using an organosolv lignin as phenol replacement. Two life cycle analysis (LCA) boundaries (i.e. Cradle-to-Gate, Gate-to-Gate) are studied for PF resin having different substitution levels of phenol: 0%, 40% and 100%. The LC Soft (ICAS) is used for the LCA, which provides information regarding the carbon footprint (CF), fifteen environmental impact categories (e.g.: soil, water, air, human toxicity) and the life cycle inventory (LCI) contribution. The results show improvements for all environmental impact categories for the lignin substituted resins compared to PF resin, confirming the significant role of lignin. Moreover, the impact of the raw materials (Cradle-to-Gate) is significantly higher than the impact of the production process (Gate-to-Gate).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
EditorsSauro Pierucci, Flavio Manenti, Guilia Bozzano, Davide Manca
Volume48
PublisherElsevier
Publication date2020
Pages607-612
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-12-823377-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event 30th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE 30) - Virtual symposium
Duration: 31 Aug 20202 Sep 2020

Conference

Conference 30th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE 30)
LocationVirtual symposium
Period31/08/202002/09/2020
SeriesComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
ISSN1570-7946

Bibliographical note

EU Horizon 2020
H2020-MSCA-RISE-2017 778332
Publication date: September 2020

Keywords

  • PF resin
  • LPF
  • Resin
  • LCA
  • LCI

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