Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in non-small cell lung cancer as measured by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry

Helle Pappot, Birgit Guldhammer Skov, Charles Pyke, Jan Grøndahl-Hansen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The components of the plasminogen activation system have been reported to have prognostic impact in several cancer types, e.g. breast-, colon-, gastric- and lung cancer. Most of these studies have used quantification by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on tumour tissue extracts. However, results in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) studies obtained by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry differ. If the prognostic value of the components of the plasminogen activation system is to be exploited clinically in the future, it is important to choose an easy and valid methodology. In the present study we investigated levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-I) and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), as quantitated by ELISA in tumour extracts from 64 NSCLC patients (38 squamous cell carcinomas, 26 adenocarcinomas), and compared them to staining intensity as semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry for PAI-1 and uPAR on corresponding cryostat sections. A significant association (r = 0.49), P <0.0001) was found between the PAI-1 levels measured by ELISA and semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry. No association was found for uPAR. When correlating levels of PAI-1 and uPAR determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry, respectively, to survival status, no significant correlation was found for any of the subgroups. At present neither of the methods examined in the present study can be recommended as superior for quantitating PAI-1 and uPAR with the aim of predicting prognosis. In conclusion, a larger comparative study is needed to clarify the relationship between ELISA and immunohistochemical results, before a methodology for clinical use can be chosen in non-small cell lung cancer.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalLung Cancer
    Volume17
    Issue number2-3
    Pages (from-to)197-209
    ISSN0169-5002
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997

    Keywords

    • uPAR
    • PAI-1
    • lung cancer
    • immunohistochemistry
    • ELISA
    • survival

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