Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in non-small cell lung cancer as measured by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry

Helle Pappot, Birgit Guldhammer Skov, Charles Pyke, Jan Grøndahl-Hansen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The components of the plasminogen activation system have been reported to have prognostic impact in several cancer types, e.g. breast-, colon-, gastric- and lung cancer. Most of these studies have used quantification by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on tumour tissue extracts. However, results in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) studies obtained by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry differ. If the prognostic value of the components of the plasminogen activation system is to be exploited clinically in the future, it is important to choose an easy and valid methodology. In the present study we investigated levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-I) and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), as quantitated by ELISA in tumour extracts from 64 NSCLC patients (38 squamous cell carcinomas, 26 adenocarcinomas), and compared them to staining intensity as semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry for PAI-1 and uPAR on corresponding cryostat sections. A significant association (r = 0.49), P <0.0001) was found between the PAI-1 levels measured by ELISA and semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry. No association was found for uPAR. When correlating levels of PAI-1 and uPAR determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry, respectively, to survival status, no significant correlation was found for any of the subgroups. At present neither of the methods examined in the present study can be recommended as superior for quantitating PAI-1 and uPAR with the aim of predicting prognosis. In conclusion, a larger comparative study is needed to clarify the relationship between ELISA and immunohistochemical results, before a methodology for clinical use can be chosen in non-small cell lung cancer.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalLung Cancer
    Volume17
    Issue number2-3
    Pages (from-to)197-209
    ISSN0169-5002
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997

    Keywords

    • uPAR
    • PAI-1
    • lung cancer
    • immunohistochemistry
    • ELISA
    • survival

    Cite this

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    title = "Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in non-small cell lung cancer as measured by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry",
    abstract = "The components of the plasminogen activation system have been reported to have prognostic impact in several cancer types, e.g. breast-, colon-, gastric- and lung cancer. Most of these studies have used quantification by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on tumour tissue extracts. However, results in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) studies obtained by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry differ. If the prognostic value of the components of the plasminogen activation system is to be exploited clinically in the future, it is important to choose an easy and valid methodology. In the present study we investigated levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-I) and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), as quantitated by ELISA in tumour extracts from 64 NSCLC patients (38 squamous cell carcinomas, 26 adenocarcinomas), and compared them to staining intensity as semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry for PAI-1 and uPAR on corresponding cryostat sections. A significant association (r = 0.49), P <0.0001) was found between the PAI-1 levels measured by ELISA and semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry. No association was found for uPAR. When correlating levels of PAI-1 and uPAR determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry, respectively, to survival status, no significant correlation was found for any of the subgroups. At present neither of the methods examined in the present study can be recommended as superior for quantitating PAI-1 and uPAR with the aim of predicting prognosis. In conclusion, a larger comparative study is needed to clarify the relationship between ELISA and immunohistochemical results, before a methodology for clinical use can be chosen in non-small cell lung cancer.",
    keywords = "uPAR, PAI-1, lung cancer, immunohistochemistry, ELISA, survival",
    author = "Helle Pappot and Skov, {Birgit Guldhammer} and Charles Pyke and Jan Gr{\o}ndahl-Hansen",
    year = "1997",
    doi = "10.1016/S0169-5002(97)00032-9",
    language = "English",
    volume = "17",
    pages = "197--209",
    journal = "Lung Cancer",
    issn = "0169-5002",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "2-3",

    }

    Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in non-small cell lung cancer as measured by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry. / Pappot, Helle; Skov, Birgit Guldhammer; Pyke, Charles; Grøndahl-Hansen, Jan.

    In: Lung Cancer, Vol. 17, No. 2-3, 1997, p. 197-209.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in non-small cell lung cancer as measured by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry

    AU - Pappot, Helle

    AU - Skov, Birgit Guldhammer

    AU - Pyke, Charles

    AU - Grøndahl-Hansen, Jan

    PY - 1997

    Y1 - 1997

    N2 - The components of the plasminogen activation system have been reported to have prognostic impact in several cancer types, e.g. breast-, colon-, gastric- and lung cancer. Most of these studies have used quantification by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on tumour tissue extracts. However, results in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) studies obtained by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry differ. If the prognostic value of the components of the plasminogen activation system is to be exploited clinically in the future, it is important to choose an easy and valid methodology. In the present study we investigated levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-I) and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), as quantitated by ELISA in tumour extracts from 64 NSCLC patients (38 squamous cell carcinomas, 26 adenocarcinomas), and compared them to staining intensity as semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry for PAI-1 and uPAR on corresponding cryostat sections. A significant association (r = 0.49), P <0.0001) was found between the PAI-1 levels measured by ELISA and semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry. No association was found for uPAR. When correlating levels of PAI-1 and uPAR determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry, respectively, to survival status, no significant correlation was found for any of the subgroups. At present neither of the methods examined in the present study can be recommended as superior for quantitating PAI-1 and uPAR with the aim of predicting prognosis. In conclusion, a larger comparative study is needed to clarify the relationship between ELISA and immunohistochemical results, before a methodology for clinical use can be chosen in non-small cell lung cancer.

    AB - The components of the plasminogen activation system have been reported to have prognostic impact in several cancer types, e.g. breast-, colon-, gastric- and lung cancer. Most of these studies have used quantification by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on tumour tissue extracts. However, results in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) studies obtained by quantitative ELISA and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry differ. If the prognostic value of the components of the plasminogen activation system is to be exploited clinically in the future, it is important to choose an easy and valid methodology. In the present study we investigated levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-I) and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), as quantitated by ELISA in tumour extracts from 64 NSCLC patients (38 squamous cell carcinomas, 26 adenocarcinomas), and compared them to staining intensity as semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry for PAI-1 and uPAR on corresponding cryostat sections. A significant association (r = 0.49), P <0.0001) was found between the PAI-1 levels measured by ELISA and semiquantitated by immunohistochemistry. No association was found for uPAR. When correlating levels of PAI-1 and uPAR determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry, respectively, to survival status, no significant correlation was found for any of the subgroups. At present neither of the methods examined in the present study can be recommended as superior for quantitating PAI-1 and uPAR with the aim of predicting prognosis. In conclusion, a larger comparative study is needed to clarify the relationship between ELISA and immunohistochemical results, before a methodology for clinical use can be chosen in non-small cell lung cancer.

    KW - uPAR

    KW - PAI-1

    KW - lung cancer

    KW - immunohistochemistry

    KW - ELISA

    KW - survival

    U2 - 10.1016/S0169-5002(97)00032-9

    DO - 10.1016/S0169-5002(97)00032-9

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 17

    SP - 197

    EP - 209

    JO - Lung Cancer

    JF - Lung Cancer

    SN - 0169-5002

    IS - 2-3

    ER -