Learning from CDM SD tool experience for Article 6.4 in the Paris Agreement

Karen Holm Olsen*, Christof Arens, Florian Mersmann

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    The Paris Agreement (PA) emphasizes the intrinsic relationship between climate change and sustainable development (SD) and welcomes the 2030 agenda for the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Yet, there is a lack of assessment approaches to ensure that climate and development goals are achieved in an integrated fashion and trade-offs avoided. Article 6.4 of the PA introduces a new Sustainable Mitigati on Mechanism (SMM) with the dual aim to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and foster SD. The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has a similar objective and in 2014, the CDM SD tool was launched by the Executive Board of the CDM to highlight the SD benefits of CDM activities. This article analyses the usefulness of the CDM SD tool for stakeholders and compares the SD tool’s
    SD reporting requirements against other flexible mechanisms and multilateral standards to provide recommendations for improvement. A key conclusion is that the Paris Agreement’s SMM has a stronger political mandate than the CDM to measure that SD impacts are 'real, measurable and long-term'. Therefore,
    recommendations for an improved CDM SD tool are a relevant starting point to develop rules, modalities and procedures for SD assessment in Article 6.4 as well as for other cooperative mitigation approaches.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalClimate Policy
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)383-395
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2018

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/
    licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not
    altered, transformed, or built upon in any way


    • Environmental Science (all)
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Article 6
    • CDM SD tool
    • Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
    • Paris Agreement
    • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
    • Sustainable Mitigation Mechanism (SMM)


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