Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) and Psychosocial Factors at Work Among Healthcare Professionals

Jan Johansson Hanse, Ulrika Harlin, Caroline Jarebrant, Kerstin Ulin, Jørgen Winkel

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    Aim: The study aims to examine the associations between leader–member exchange (LMX) and psychosocial factors at work.
    Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was undertaken at four units in two not-for-profit hospitals in southwestern Sweden. The study sample included 240 employees.
    Results: Significant correlations were found between LMX items and most of the psychosocial domains and dimensions. The strongest correlations were found between the LMX item affect and rewards/recognition, role clarity and predictability, and the LMX item loyalty and rewards/recognition. In sum, high-quality LMX was associated with good psychosocial work conditions experienced by the employees.
    Conclusions: The results support possible ways for managers and employees to strengthen their relationships and this may in turn lead to more sustainable systems in health care.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1000193
    JournalJournal of Nursing & Care
    Issue number5
    Number of pages5
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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