LCA of Nanomaterials

Mirko Miseljic, Stig Irving Olsen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterEducationpeer-review

    Abstract

    Application of nanomaterials in products has led to an increase in number of nanoproducts introduced to the consumer market. However, along with new and improved products, there is a concern about the potential life cycle environmental impacts. Life cycle assessment is able to include a wide range of environmental impacts but, due to data limitations, it is commonly applied with focus on the cradle-to-gate part of the nanoproducts life cycle, neglecting use and disposal of the products. These studies conclude that nanomaterials are more energy demanding and have an inferior environmental profile than conventionally used materials, but functional units of these comparisons need to consider the use stage benefits attained through nanomaterials. A particular assessment challenge is the lack of understanding of the toxicological mechanisms related to potential release, fate and effects of nanomaterials when penetrating into living organisms. This is especially relevant for the freshwater compartment, as it is a common recipient.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationLife Cycle Assessment: Theory and Practice
    PublisherSpringer
    Publication date2018
    Pages817-833
    Chapter32
    ISBN (Print)9783319564746
    ISBN (Electronic)9783319564753
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Keywords

    • Business and Management
    • Sustainability Management
    • Sustainable Development
    • Renewable and Green Energy
    • Manufacturing, Machines, Tools
    • Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment

    Cite this

    Miseljic, M., & Olsen, S. I. (2018). LCA of Nanomaterials. In Life Cycle Assessment: Theory and Practice (pp. 817-833). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3_32