LCA Comparison of waste incineration in Denmark and Italy

Roberto Turconi, Stefania Butera, Alessio Boldrin, M. Grosso, L. Rigamonti, Thomas Astrup

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Every year around 50 millions Mg solid waste are incinerated in Europe. Large differences exist in different regions, mainly regarding energy recovery, flue gas treatment and management of solid residues. This paper aims to identify and quantify those differences, providing a Life Cycle Assessment of two incinerator systems that are representative of conditions in Northern and Southern Europe. The two case studies are Aarhus (Denmark) and Milan (Italy). The results show that waste incineration appears more environmentally friendly in the Danish case than in the Italian one, due to the higher energy recovery and to local conditions, e.g. substitution of electricity and heat in the area. Focusing on the incineration process, Milan incinerator performs better than Aarhus, since its upstream impacts (related to the production of chemicals used in flue gas cleaning) are more than compensated by lower emissions at the stack. Consequently a more efficient flue gas cleaning as it is in the Italian case appears to be more environmentally friendly than the Danish one.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings Sardinia 2011 : Thirteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium
Place of PublicationItaly
PublisherCISA, Environmental Sanitary Engineering Centre
Publication date2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event13th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium - S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, Italy
Duration: 3 Oct 20117 Oct 2011
Conference number: 13


Conference13th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium
CityS. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari

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