Lattice Dynamics of Beryllium from a First-Principles Nonlocal Pseudopotential Approach

F. King Walter, P. H. Cutler

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The lattice dynamics of beryllium, a metal with hexagonal close-packed structure and two atoms per unit cell, is investigated within the framework of Harrison's first-principles pseudopotential theory, using (i) the Slater approximation for the conduction-band-core exchange, and (ii) a modified dielectric-screening function employing the Kohn-Sham approximation for exchange among the conduction electrons. The energy-wave-number characteristic F(q) is constructed from the Hartree-Fock-Slater (HFS) wave function for Be++; this is used to calculate the phonon dispersion relations in the [0001], [011̅ 0], and [112̅ 0] directions. Good agreement is obtained with neutron diffraction experiments. The three independent elastic shear constants are also calculated from F(q); good agreement with experiment is obtained for C and C′, but only fair results obtain for c44.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1733-1742
Publication statusPublished - 1970

Bibliographical note

Copyright (1970) by the American Physical Society.


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