Large-Scale Synthesis of Single-Crystalline Iron Oxide Magnetic Nanorings

Chun-Jiang Jia, Ling-Dong Sun, Feng Luo, Xiao-Dong Han, Laura J. Heyderman, Zheng-Guang Yan, Chun-Hua Yan, Kun Zheng, Ze Zhang, Mikio Takano, Naoaki Hayashi, Matthias Eltschka, Mathias Klaeui, Ulrich Ruediger, Takeshi Kasama, Lionel Cervera Gontard, Rafal E. Dunin-Borkowski, George Tzvetkov, Joerg Raabe

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    We present an innovative approach to the production of single-crystal iron oxide nanorings employing a solution-based route. Single-crystal hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) nanorings were synthesized using a double anion-assisted hydrothermal method (involving phosphate and sulfate ions), which can be divided into two stages: (1) formation of capsule-shaped alpha-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and (2) preferential dissolution along the long dimension of the elongated nanoparticles (the c axis of alpha-Fe2O3) to form nanorings. The shape of the nanorings is mainly regulated by the adsorption of phosphate ions on faces parallel to c axis of alpha-Fe2O3 during the nanocrystal growth, and the hollow structure is given by the preferential dissolution of the alpha-Fe2O3 along the c axis due to the strong coordination of the sulfate ions. By varying the ratios of phosphate and sulfate ions to ferric ions, we were able to control the size, morphology, and surface architecture to produce a variety of three-dimensional hollow nanostructures. These can then be converted to magnetite (Fe3O4) and maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) by a reduction or reduction-oxidation process while preserving the same morphology. The structures and magnetic properties of these single-crystal alpha-Fe2O3, Fe3O4, and gamma-Fe2O3 nanorings were characterized by various analytical techniques. Employing off-axis electron holography, we observed the classical single-vortex magnetic state in the thin magnetite nanorings, while the thicker rings displayed an intriguing three-dimensional magnetic configuration. This work provides an easily scaled-up method for preparing tailor-made iron oxide nanorings that could meet the demands of a variety of applications ranging from medicine to magnetoelectronics.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
    Issue number50
    Pages (from-to)16968-16977
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


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