Large-scale, Lithography-free Production of Transparent Nanostructured Surface for Dual-functional Electrochemical and SERS Sensing

Kuldeep Sanger, Onur Durucan, Kaiyu Wu, Anil Haraksingh Thilsted, Arto R Heiskanen, Tomas Rindzevicius, Michael Stenbæk Schmidt, Kinga Zor, Anja Boisen

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Abstract

In this work, we present a dual-functional sensor that can perform surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) based identification and electrochemical (EC) quantification of analytes in liquid samples. A lithography-free reactive ion etching process was utilized to obtain nanostructures of high aspect ratios distributed homogeneously on a 4-inch fused silica wafer. The sensor was made up of three-electrode array, obtained by subsequent e-beam evaporation of Au on nanostructures in selected areas through a shadow mask. The SERS performance was evaluated through surface-averaged enhancement factor (EF), which was ~6.2 x 105, and spatial uniformity of EF, which was ~13% in terms of relative standard deviation. Excellent electrochemical performance and reproducibility were revealed by recording cyclic voltammograms. On nanostructured electrodes, paracetamol (PAR) showed an improved quasi-reversible behavior with decrease in peak potential separation (∆Ep ~90mV) and higher peak currents (Ipa/Ipc ~1), comparing to planar electrodes (∆Ep ~560mV). The oxidation potential of PAR was also lowered by ~80 mV on nanostructured electrodes. To illustrate dual-functional sensing, quantitative evaluation of PAR ranging from 30 µM to 3 mM was realized through EC detection, and presence of PAR was verified by its SERS fingerprint.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Sensors
Volume2
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1869–1875
ISSN2379-3694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Lithography-free
  • Dual-functional
  • Electrochemical
  • SERS
  • Paracetamol

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