Lactic Acid Bacteria for Mink Colonization and Persistence of Enterococcus-Faecium Cernelle 68 in the Digestive Tract of Mink

Karl Pedersen, Mogens Jørgensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A method was developed to follow a lactic acid bacterial strain, Enterococcus faecium Cernelle 68, with respect to adhesion, multiplication, colonization, and persistence in the digestive tract of mink. Also the spread of the strain in the cage was examined. When adding 5 .times. 109 c.f.u. of a rifampicin resistant mutant per kg feed, high viable counts were registered throughout the digestive tract, apart from the oesophagus. Counts were increasing in the aboral direction, suggesting some multiplication in the intestine. It was possible to detect the strain in the intestinal tract 4 days after discontinuation of administration. Neither culture nor scanning electron microscopy gave evidence to suggest that E. faecium Cernelle 68 adhered to the mucosa. The spread of the E. faecium strain was observed in the environment. Counts of E. coli, lactobacilli, staphylococci, and clostridia were low, and none of these bacteria were constant findings.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Veterinaria Scandinavica
Volume33
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
ISSN0044-605X
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Adhesion
  • Colony Count, Microbial
  • Digestive System
  • Enterococcus faecium
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Mink
  • ADHESION MULTIPLICATION PERSISTENCE PROBIOTICS
  • Carnivora Mammalia Vertebrata Chordata Animalia (Animals, Carnivores, Chordates, Mammals, Nonhuman Vertebrates, Nonhuman Mammals, Vertebrates) - Mustelidae [85780]
  • Eubacteria Bacteria Microorganisms (Bacteria, Eubacteria, Microorganisms) - Gram-Positive Cocci [07700]
  • 50-21-5: LACTIC ACID
  • 14004, Digestive system - Physiology and biochemistry
  • 31000, Physiology and biochemistry of bacteria
  • 31500, Genetics of bacteria and viruses
  • 36002, Medical and clinical microbiology - Bacteriology
  • 38004, Veterinary science - Pathology
  • 38006, Veterinary science - Microbiology
  • 38504, Chemotherapy - Antibacterial agents
  • Ingestion and Assimilation
  • Medical Sciences
  • Genetics
  • Infection
  • Physiology
  • Veterinary Medicine

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