Lack of effect of aerial ammonia on atrophic rhinitis and pneumonia induced by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and toxigenic Pasteurella multocida

Morten Andreasen, P. Bækbo, Jens Nielsen

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The objective of this experimental study was to determine the effects of aerial ammonia on disease development and bacterial colonization in weaned pigs inoculated with toxigenic Pasteurella multocida and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae. Two groups of 10 pigs each were continuously exposed to 50 and 100 p.p.m ammonia, respectively, and compared to a non-exposed control, group of 20 pigs. Following aerosol inoculation with M. hyopneumoniae at day 9, ail pigs were aerosol-inoculated with toxigenic P. multocida type A at days 28, 42 and 56. Ac day 63 they were euthanized. Clinical signs including coughing and respiratory distress were present in all groups following inoculation. No significant differences could be established in the extent or frequency of pneumonia between ammonia-exposed pigs and controls, or in the: extent of conchal atrophy, the frequency of isolation of toxigenic P. multocida from conchae, tonsils, lungs and kidneys, or the average daily weight gain. The recovery of toxigenic P. multocida from nasal swabs following inoculation was significantly greater in pigs exposed to 50 p.p.m. ammonia or more as compared to the control group. In conclusion, high levels of ammonia combined with inoculations with M. hyopneumoniae and toxigenic P. multocida had no significant effect on disease development, but may have enhanced colonization by toxigenic P. multocida on the nasal turbinates.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medicine Series B-Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)161-171
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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