Kinetic study on the enzymatic esterification of octanoic acid and hexanol by immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B

Catia Giovanna Lopresto, Vincenza Calabro, John M. Woodley, Pär Tufvesson

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Abstract

tThis study investigates reaction kinetics of the esterification of octanoic acid and hexanol into hexyloctanoate, catalyzed by an immobilized Candida antarctica lipase (Novozym®435). The product is considered natural and used as a fresh vegetable and fruity flavour additive in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical products. The reaction is performed in n-decane as the solvent, to improve enzyme stability and to increase the reaction yield. The influence of substrate concentration on hexyl octanoate synthesis is investigated over a wide range up to 2 M. The observed bi-substrate inhibition pattern follows a Ping-Pong bi-bi mechanism with dead-end inhibition by both substrates and, based on the proposed model, the kinetic constants of the esterification reaction are estimated. These parameters are verified to be intrinsic – neither external nor internal mass transfer resistances are significant for the examined reaction system – and are essential to extend analysis to a large-scale process and for a wide range of operating conditions. The progress of the reaction is also observed and the kinetic model is validated by fitting experimental progress curves with two different concentrations of biocatalyst. Effects of biphasicity of the reaction system, inhibition by the ester produced and the influence of the reverse reaction have been also evaluated.© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic
Volume110
Pages (from-to)64–71
ISSN1381-1177
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Kinetics
  • Hexyl octanoate
  • Lipase Novozym
  • Ping-Pong bi-bi
  • Enzymatic esterification

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