Kinetic Studies on State of the Art Solid Oxide Cells – A Comparison between Hydrogen/Steam and Reformate Fuels

Jean-Claude Njodzefon, Christopher R. Graves, Mogens Bjerg Mogensen, André Weber, Johan Hjelm

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Electrochemical reaction kinetics at the electrodes of Solid Oxide Cells (SOCs) were investigated at 700 °C for two cells with different fuel electrode microstructures as well as on a third cell with a reduced active electrode area. Three fuel mixtures were investigated – hydrogen/steam and reformate fuels hydrogen/carbon-dioxide and hydrogen/methane/steam. It was found that the kinetics at the fuel electrode were exactly the same in both reformates. The hydrogen/steam fuel displayed slightly faster kinetics than the reformate fuels. Furthermore the gas conversion impedance in the hydrogen/steam fuel split into two processes with opposing temperature behavior in the reformate fuels. An 87.5% reduction in active electrode area diminishes the gas conversion impedance in the hydrogen/steam fuel at high fuel flow rates. In both reformates, the second and third lowest frequency processes merged into a single process as the gas conversion was reduced. The SOC with finer electrode microstructure displayed improved kinetics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalE C S Transactions
Volume64
Issue number18
Pages (from-to)51-65
ISSN1938-5862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event226th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) and 7th Meeting of the Mexico Section of the Electrochemical Society ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting : Joint international meeting - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: 5 Oct 20149 Oct 2014
Conference number: 226

Conference

Conference226th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) and 7th Meeting of the Mexico Section of the Electrochemical Society ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting
Number226
CountryMexico
CityCancun
Period05/10/201409/10/2014

Cite this