TY - JOUR

T1 - Kinetic Line Voronoi Operations and Their Reversibility

AU - Mioc, Darka

AU - Anton, François

AU - Gold, Christopher

AU - Moulin, Bernard

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - In Geographic Information Systems the reversibility of map update operations has not been explored yet. In this paper we are using the Voronoi based Quad-edge data structure to define reversible map update operations. The reversibility of the map operations has been formalised at the lowest level, as the basic algorithms for addition, deletion and moving of spatial objects. Having developed reversible map operations on the lowest level, we were able to maintain reversibility of the map updates at higher levels as well. The reversibility in GIS can be used for efficient implementation of rollback mechanisms and dynamic map visualisations. In order to use the reversibility within the kinetic Voronoi diagram of points and open oriented line segments, we need to assure that reversing the map commands will produce exactly the changes in the map equivalent to the previous map states. To prove that reversing the map update operations produces the exact reverse changes, we show an isomorphism between the set of complex operations on the kinetic Voronoi diagram of points and open oriented line segments and the sets of numbers of new / deleted Voronoi regions induced by these operations, and its explanation using the finite field of residual classes of integers modulo 5: F 5 = ℤ/5ℤ. We show also an isomorphism between the set of complex operations on the kinetic Voronoi diagram of points and open oriented line segments and the set of differences of new and deleted Quad-Edge edges induced by these operations, and its explanation using the commutative ring ℤ15 = ℤ/15ℤ. We show finally the application of these theoretical results to the logging of a kinetic line Voronoi data structure. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

AB - In Geographic Information Systems the reversibility of map update operations has not been explored yet. In this paper we are using the Voronoi based Quad-edge data structure to define reversible map update operations. The reversibility of the map operations has been formalised at the lowest level, as the basic algorithms for addition, deletion and moving of spatial objects. Having developed reversible map operations on the lowest level, we were able to maintain reversibility of the map updates at higher levels as well. The reversibility in GIS can be used for efficient implementation of rollback mechanisms and dynamic map visualisations. In order to use the reversibility within the kinetic Voronoi diagram of points and open oriented line segments, we need to assure that reversing the map commands will produce exactly the changes in the map equivalent to the previous map states. To prove that reversing the map update operations produces the exact reverse changes, we show an isomorphism between the set of complex operations on the kinetic Voronoi diagram of points and open oriented line segments and the sets of numbers of new / deleted Voronoi regions induced by these operations, and its explanation using the finite field of residual classes of integers modulo 5: F 5 = ℤ/5ℤ. We show also an isomorphism between the set of complex operations on the kinetic Voronoi diagram of points and open oriented line segments and the set of differences of new and deleted Quad-Edge edges induced by these operations, and its explanation using the commutative ring ℤ15 = ℤ/15ℤ. We show finally the application of these theoretical results to the logging of a kinetic line Voronoi data structure. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-642-16007-3_7

DO - 10.1007/978-3-642-16007-3_7

M3 - Journal article

SN - 0302-9743

VL - 6290

SP - 139

EP - 165

JO - Lecture Notes in Computer Science

JF - Lecture Notes in Computer Science

ER -