KCl-induced corrosion of Ni-based alloys containing 35–45 wt% Cr

Yohanes C. Malede*, Julien P. Simon, Torbjörn Jonsson, Melanie Montgomery, Kristian V. Dahl, John Hald

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Ni–(35–45)Cr–4Nb alloys containing different fractions of α‐Cr were exposed to potassium chloride (KCl)‐induced corrosion. The corrosion exposures were carried out for 168 hr at 600°C in a 15% (vol/vol) H2O (g) + 5% (vol/vol) O2 (g) + N2 (g; balance) atmosphere using KCl‐free (reference) and predeposited KCl samples. To mimic the KCl deposition in real boilers, 24 hr exposures where KCl vapor condensed continuously onto samples were also performed. The corrosion attack of the studied materials increased significantly when KCl was present compared to the KCl‐free samples. For the KCl exposures, the corrosion attack drastically increased when a significant α‐Cr fraction was present. α‐Cr was either selectively attacked or dissolved through solid‐state diffusion and a layered build‐up of the outer external scale of K2CrO4 and chromia could be observed. For the in situ condensed KCl exposure, severe corrosion was observed already within the 24 hr exposure, indicating a higher corrosion rate compared with when KCl was predeposited.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials and Corrosion
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1486-1506
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • KCl-induced high-temperature corrosion
  • Ni–Cr–Nb alloys
  • Phase dissolution
  • Selective attack
  • α-Cr


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